On Thursday, the scientists delineated in Kochi that Rapid heating up of the Indian Ocean at a fast pace delinquent to climate change constitutes a combination to the multi-million dollar blue economy of India.
The opening session of a ‘Winter School on Climate Change in Marine Fisheries’ was being organised by the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute in the city.
During this session, they stated that climate change is affecting fisheries through a change in stock productivity and its distribution.
While the inauguration of the 21 -day school which would provide a platform for an academic-oriented discussion on the effect of climate change on marine species, the Vice-Chancellor of Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies A Ramachandran said that Due to the constant change and deterioration in the climate, there have been a lot of floods and droughts lately across the globe.
He also added that there has been a subsequent increase in the water temperature and the level of increase in carbon dioxide is making the water more acidic.
The Vice-Chancellor voiced his concern stating that there would be a drop in productivity of marine species as there was a gradual damage being caused to the ecosystem and biodiversity.
For the growth of the blue economy in a sustainable way, the commitment of the stakeholders and coordinated efforts were required.
At a rate faster than the Atlantic Ocean that is (0.07C) and the Pacific Ocean (0.05C), the Indian Ocean is warming at 0.11C per decade which is a matter of worry.
The Director of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute A Gopalakrishnan said that the temperature of the sea surface of the Indian Ocean would increase by 0.60 C by 2050.
Gopalakrishnan voiced,”However, Indian marine fish harvesting is more eco-friendly than the global scenario. Our marine fisheries is emitting 17.5 per cent less carbon footprints than the global average when it comes to fishing material involved in fishery.”
Course director of the winter school and head of the Demersal Fisheries division of the marine fisheries research institute P U Zacharia said the country experienced 24 extreme climatic events around the Indian coasts resulting in loss of life and property.